Climate change threatens South Florida communities primarily in the area of sea level rise (SLR). Government agencies at federal, state, and local levels have taken actions to monitor, project, and plan for this change. Development of resilient community against sea level rise has become a priority at all levels of planning.
The Sea Level Rise Impact Web tool has been developed by the Florida International University GIS Center and the Geomatics program of the University of Florida. The core team includes Jennifer Fu (FIU, Project Manager), Levente Juhász (FIU, technical lead), Hartwig Hochmair (UF, geodata harmonization and visualization), Jorge Sotolongo (FIU, Design and UX), and Julian Gottlieb (FIU, Web design). The funding partner is the Miami-Dade Transporatation Planning Organization (Elizabeth Rockwell, Chief Communications Officer). Keqi Zhang from FIU’s International Hurricane Research Center provided advise on SLR inundation modeling.
This tool allows users to select a geographic area within the boundaries of the Miami-Dade County and to slide through different scenarios of sea level rise (SLR) between 1 and 6 feet. The application visualizes the extent of flooded areas in response to these scenarios and returns associated statistics about their potential impact on local residents and the street network. The tool is intended for use by the Miami-Dade Transportation Planning Organization as well as the general public to identify areas of vulnerability so that officials may better plan and invest for the development of a resilient community.
The SLR scenarios were developed using a bath tub model. A detailed description of the algorithm used can be found in (Zhang et al. 2011). The application shows inundated areas for a selected rise in sea level. The Digital Elevation Model (DEM) used in the computations is derived from 2015 Lidar data of Miami-Dade County given in the NAVD88 vertical datum. The original raster DEM dataset was resampled to a raster DEM at a 5m resolution with mean higher high water (MHHW) as a reference surface (tidal datum).
Socio-economic statistics are based on Census 2010 block level. Municipal boundaries were extracted from the Miami-Dade Open Data Hub.
The data and maps in this tool illustrate the scale of potential inundation based on elevation, and do not account for land cover type, drainage structure, rainfall, soil type, etc. Water levels are shown as they would appear during the highest high tides (excludes wind driven tides), also known as MHHW (mean higher high water – see http://co-ops.nos.noaa.gov/datum_options.html for a definition). The maps and data are intended to reflect risk or vulnerability estimation but not for the purpose of forecast, and certainly not a flood map for a given storm. In case of an actual storm, please visit the National Hurricane Center or National Weather Service Web sites.
The data and maps in this tool are provided "as is", without any warranties whatsoever including, without limitation, any warranty as to its performance, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. The entire risk associated with the results and performance of this tool and its associated data is assumed entirely by the user. This tool should be used strictly as a reference tool and not for navigation, permitting, or any legal purposes.
Zhang, K., Dittmar, J., Ross, M., and Bergh, C. (2011). Assessment of sea level rise impacts on human population and real property in the Florida Keys. Climatic Change, 107, 129–146.
Made with in sunny Miami. This app the following open source software and libraries:
Mapbox GL JS, OpenMapTiles, tippecanoe, Node.js, express, c3, D3, Bootstrap, Turf, popper.js, Font Awesome, jsPDF, jsfPDF-autotable, Lodash, saveSvgAsPng, canvg.
Background map data: © OpenStreetMap Contributors
Data Sources: NOAA, National Hurricane Center, U.S. Census, Miami Dade County GIS, Miami-Dade County Property Appraiser, Florida Department of Transportation, HERE Navstreets, FIU GIS Center
Data Preparation: GIS Center @ FIU
Feel free to reach out to Levente Juhasz at ljuhasz [at] fiu [at] edu with technical questions. Project related questions should be directed to Elizabeth Rockwell (elizabeth [dot] rockwell [at] miamidade [dot] gov) or Jennifer Fu (fujen [at] fiu [dot] edu).